The 21st century is an era of light. Development of technology related to light is rapid and remarkable. All of the techniques are based on the interaction between photon and molecules. Kobe University has made considerable contribution to molecular photoscience by means of the state of the art technique. Molecular Photoscience Research Center was founded in 2001 as one of the Common-Use Facilities of Kobe University, and it is aiming at being an international research center on photoscience.