4th PCRC International Symposium

International Law for Sustainability in Arctic Resource Development:Integrating economic, social, environmental and scientific dimensions

17-18 December 2018, Kobe, Japan

Venue: Kobe University Rokkodai-dai 1st Campus
[#29] Frontier Hall for Social Sciences.

The Symposium was held at the Kobe University on 17 - 18 December 2018, and successfully concluded.


Monday 17 December 2018

Registration (9:00-)

Opening (9:30-10:30)

Akiho Shibata (Professor and Director, Polar Cooperation Research Centre (PCRC), Kobe University, Japan)

"Sustainability as an Integrative Principle: A Theoretical Framework"

Session 1: Sustainability in Resource Development: The Case of Greenland

Keynote Speech

Rachael Lorna Johnstone (Professor, University of Akureyri, Iceland; Professor and Director, Arctic Oil and Gas Research Centre, University of Greenland)

"The Impact of International Law on Natural Resource Governance in Greenland"

Panel Discussion

Tukumminguaq Nykjaer Olsen (Special assistant, Inuit Circumpolar Council Greenland, Nuuk)

"Need for Inclusion of Indigenous Knowledge in Management of Resources"

Shin Sugiyama (Professor, Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University)

"Changing Natural Environment and its Impact on Human Society in Greenland"

Minori Takahashi (Assistant Professor, Hokkaido University, Japan)

"How to Best Enjoy the Wealth Created by Mineral Resource Development: The Politics of Sustainability in Greenland"

Lunch / Campus and Library Tour (13:00-15:30)

Session 2: Achieving Sustainability: Human and Social Dimensions

Keynote Speech

Peter Hough (Associate Professor, Middlesex University, UK)

"Sustaining Themselves, the Arctic and the World: The Inuit and Global Discourse on Sustainability and Indigenous Rights"

Panel Discussion

Dorothée Cambou (Post-doctoral researcher at the University of Helsinki, Finland)

"The Limits of Permanent Sovereignty over Natural Resources: Balancing the Right of Greenland to Mineral Development with its Duties towards the Rights of Indigenous Communities"

Yu Long (Ph.D. candidate, KoGuan Law School, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, People’s Republic of China)

"Implementing Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) Rules as Contractual Commitments: A Comparative Study of Extractive Projects in Greenland and Canada"

Conference Reception and Dinner
(18:00-20:00 at the conference venue)

Tuesday 18 December 2018

Registration and Cofee (9:00-)

Session 3: Achieving Sustainability: Economic/Business Dimension

Keynote Speeches

Bruce Harland (Co-Chair, Responsible Resource Development WG, Arctic Economic Council; Vice President, Crowley Maritime Corporation, U.S.A.)

"The Arctic Economic Council: A Resource for Business Development in the Arctic"

Daisuke Harada (Project Director/Economist, Russia Project Group, Japan Oil, Gas and Metals National Corporation (JOGMEC) )

"Behind the Recent Acceleration of the Arctic Oil and Gas Development in Russia: Potential, Ongoing Projects and Challenges (Focusing on Yamal LNG and Arctic LNG-2)"

Panel Discussion

Tomohiko Kobayashi (Professor of International Economic Law, Otaru University of Commerce, Japan)

"Restricting Environmentally Harmful Subsidies to Ensure Sustainable Resource Development in the Arctic Region: Lessons From the Subsidies Rules Negotiation at the WTO"

Kong Soon Lim (Pupil in chambers, Messrs Dorairaj, Low & Teh, Advocates & Solicitors, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)

"IInternational Investment Law and Arctic Law: Towards an Arctic Investment Regime"

Egill Thor Nielsson (Executive Secretary, China-Nordic Arctic Research Center (CNARC))

"China-Nordic Arctic Relations: An Intersection of Policy, Industry and Science within the Context of Non-living Natural Resource Development"

Lunch (12:00-13:30)

Session 4: Achieving Sustainability: Environmental and Scientific Dimensions (13:30-15:30)

Keynote Speech

Hitomi Kimura (Associate Professor, Otsuma Women's University, Japan)

"The Role of International Environmental Law for the Arctic and Domestic Environmental law in Greenland and Yamal Area"

Panel Discussion

Mika Okochi (Associate Professor, Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, Japan)

"Establishing Safety Management Systems for Sustainable Oil and Gas Exploitation in the Arctic Region: The Yamal Peninsula"

Joëlle C. Klein & Romain F.R. Chuffart (Junior researcher and Ph.D. candidates, Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, Finland)

"Harmonizing Environmental Impact Assessments for Sustainable Development in the Arctic"

Daria Shvets (Ph.D. student, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Spain)

"Freedom to Lay Submarine Cables and Mining in the Arctic: Balancing Two Competing Activities through the Concept of Sustainability"

Final Session: Integrating Sustainabilities and the Role of International Law Revisited (16:00-17:30)

Keynote Speech

Nigel Bankes (Professor and Chair of Natural Resource Law, University of Calgary, Canada)

"How Does International Law Constrain a State in the Development of Natural Resources within its Territory?"

Concluding Discussion

Fujio Ohnishi (Associate Professor, Hokkaido University, Japan)

"Sustainability, Politics and International Law: A Perspective from International Relations"

End of Program