December 25, PCRC 4th International Symposium successfully concluded!
The was held at the Kobe University on 17 - 18 December 2018, and successfully concluded.
December 19, Polar Cooperation Research Centre (PCRC) convenes International Workshop on The Resilience of the Antarctic Treaty System to Future Challenges
The Polar Cooperation Research Centre (PCRC) will convene an international workshop to discuss the future of the Antarctic Treaty System on 19 December 2018. Please refer to the flyer for the program. No registration is required. Further information is available from here.
December 17-18, PCRC 4th International Symposium
The PCRC 4th International Symposium will be held at the Kobe University on 17 - 18 December 2018. The overall theme of the 4th symposium is "International Law for Sustainability in Arctic Resource Development:Integrating Economic, Social, Environmental and Scientific Dimensions".
December 12, 4th Polar Cooperation Research Centre (PCRC) International Symposiumthe on the Arctic Economic Council (AEC) News
Our symposium gain the attention of circumpolar business stakeholders. Please visit the AEC News for further informations.
October 4, 2018 Polar Law Symposium comes to Kobe in 2020
At 11th Polar Law Symposium (PLS) being held in Tromso, Norway, PCRC Director Shibata officially announced that PCRC will be hosting 13th PLS in Fall of 2020 in Kobe, Japan. It is the first time PLS is being hosted in an Asian country. With Sakiko Hataya, Ph.D. student at Kobe, and Leilei Zou, PCRC fellow, Director Shibata visited Arctic Council Secretariat and Arctic Economic Council Secretariat in Tromso (photos).
October 1, 2018 PCRC welcomes new assistant professor and fellows
Yusuke Honda assumed an assistant professorship at PCRC from October 1. PCRC will receive two fellows, Marzia Scopelliti and Romain Chuffart, from mid-October. Please see “Who Runs the Centre?” for their profiles.
September 11, 2018 PCRC International Law Seminar Series
On September 11, 2018 PCRC will convene the 10th international law seminar. At this seminar, Sakiko Hataya, a Ph.D. student at Graduate School of International Cooperation Studies at Kobe University, will give a presentation on "The Establishment of a Permanent Secretariat for the Arctic Council and Its Evolving Functions". For details, please see the seminar flyer.
July 24 and July 27, 2018 PCRC International Law Seminar Series
PCRC will hold two special sessions of its international law seminar series in the late July. Professor Julia Jabour from University of Tasmania will deliver a presentation entitled “What does the future hold for long-peace in Antarctica?” at the 8th seminar on July 24. A panel discussion will be conducted on “The future of the Antarctic Treaty System” at the 9th seminar on July 27. For details, please see the 8th seminar flyer and the 9th seminar flyer.
Invitation to JSPS Fellowship application at Kobe PCRC
PCRC is now offering to host JSPS fellows for the academic year 2019. Those interested to pursue Arctic and Antarctic legal studies at Kobe should express her/his interest as soon as possible. The details are indicted in this announcement .
Invitation to Doctoral Course in International Law at GSICS, Kobe University
The Graduate School of International Cooperation Studies (GSICS) of Kobe University is now recruiting the doctoral and master students who are to start off course in April or October 2019. Polar Cooperation Research Centre (PCRC) at GSICS particularly welcomes those students who would like to pursue doctoral degree (Ph.D. in Laws) specializing in the Arctic legal issues, the Antarctic Treaty System, the law of the sea, and the international environmental law. English course is offered at GSICS and thesis can be submitted in English. Students are strongly recommended to apply for Japanese Government (MEXT) Scholarship for the degree pursuit at GSICS. The scholarship application will start soon and its deadline is between late May and early June 2018. For the details of the degree course and scholarship application, please refer to Invitation to Doctoral Courses at Kobe for 2019 .
April 24, 2018 PCRC International Seminar Series
On April 24, 2018 PCRC will convene the 7th international law seminar. In this seminar, Mr Ian Trites, the deputy director of Circumpolar Affairs at Global Affairs Canada, will give a presentation on "Canadian Foreign Policy Relating to the Arctic". For details, please see the seminar flyer.
February 9, 2018 Launch of PCRC 3rd Symposium Webpage
On February 9, 2018 PCRC 3rd symposium webpage is available to the public. Such information is accessible on the webpage as the symposium program, abstracts for all symposium sessions, and biographies of speakers and discussants. <http://www.research.kobe-u.ac.jp/gsics-pcrc/3rdsympo/20171207.html>
January 30, 2018 PCRC International Law Seminar Series
On February 13, 2018, PCRC will convene the 6th international law seminar of its International Law Seminar Series. In this seminar, invited Associate Professor Zou Leilei will make a presentation "Arctic Fishery Regime-building: Review and Prospect." For details, please see the flyer for the seminar.
November 24, 2017 PCRC International Law Seminar Series
PCRC will hold a special session of its international law seminar series on December 1, 2017. In this session, Professor Rasmus Gjedssø Bertelsen will deliver a presentation entitled “Thinking and Working Across Disciplines, Sectors and Borders on Global Challenges: Experiences from the Harvard Kennedy School, United Nations University, COP15 and COP21”. This seminar is open to the public and advanced registration is not required. For details, please see the flyer for the seminar.
November 22, 2017 Registration for PCRC 3rd International Symposium
The Centre is still accepting a few more registration for PCRC 3rd International Symposium "The Role of Non-Arctic States/Actors in the Arctic Legal Order-making" on December 7-9, 2017. Please register as soon as possible through the symposium website. For more information on the symposium, please see the flyer for the stmposium and the symposium website.
November 14, 2017 PCRC International Law Seminar Series
PCRC is please to announce the 3rd and 4th seminar of its international law seminar series. On November 21, Dr. Nikolas Sellheim will deliver a presentation "An Introduction to International Climate Change Law". On December 18, Ms. Marzia Scopelliti will give a presentation "The Participation of Non-State Actors in International Environmental Governance: Learning from Arctic IPs". For details, please see the flyer for these seminars.
October 20, 2017 Professor Rasmus Bertelsen joined PCRC
On October 20, 2017 Professor Rasmus Gjedssø Bertelsen joined PCRC. He will stay in Kobe until mid-December 2017. For his profile, please see Who Runs the Centre.
October 16, 2017 Ms. Marzia Scopelliti joined PCRC
On October 16, 2017 Ms. Marzia Scopelliti joined PCRC as research fellow. She will work for PCRC until mid-February 2018. For her profile, please see Who Runs the Centre.
October 12, 2017 PCRC International Law Seminar Series
PCRC is pleased to announce its international law seminar series to be held in October to December 2017. In the inaugural seminar on 27 October 2017, Associate Professor Maria das Neves will deliver a presentation entitled “The Legal Status of Svalbard’s Maritime Zones: Testing the Waters’ for a Future Dispute”. This seminar is open to the public and advanced registration is not required. Please also find the flyer for the seminar.The second seminar is planned on 7 November (Tue), the third on 21 November (Tue) and the Fourth on 18 December (Mon).
October 6, 2017 New Publication
PCRC Senior Rsearch Fellow Nikolas Sellheim's new book "A Pocket Guide to Academic Publishing" has been out. For details, please see Related Rsearch Activities.
September 8, 2017 Registration for the PCRC 3rd Symposium is Now Open
The PCRC 3rd International symposium is by invitation only. If you wish to attend the symposium, please make a registration as soon as possible at the symposium website. Please note that due to the limited seating availability, we may not accommodate all the requests.
September 8, 2017 PCRC 3rd International Symposium Website
A special website for the PCRC 3rd International Symposium is now open: <http://www.cscenter.co.jp/pcrc/>
July 7, 2017 PCRC 3rd International Symposium Call for Papers
The Polar Cooperation Research Centre is proud to announce its third international symposium "The Role of Non-Arctic States/Actors in the Arctic Legal Order-making" to be held at Kobe University, Japan on December 7–9, 2017. This symposium will critically examine the positive contribution that the non-Arctic States/actors can bring to the Arctic legal order-making, as well as challenges faced by them.
Confirmed speakers (as of September 8) are:
Rasmus Gjedssø Bertelsen (UiT The Arctic University of Norway; JSPS Invited Fellow, Kobe University (October-December 2017))
Dalee Sambo Dorough (University of Alaska Anchorage, USA; UN Permanent Forum for Indigenous Issues (2011-2016))
Naomi Harada (Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC))
Sebastian Knecht (Berlin Graduate School for Transnational Studies, Germany)
Timo Koivurova (Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, Finland)
Erik Molenaar (Netherlands Institute for the Law of the Sea, Utrecht University; K.G. Jebsen Centre for the Law of the Sea, UiT The Arctic University of Norway)
Joji Morishita (Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, Japan)
Koji Sekimizu (Secretary- General Emeritus, IMO; Special Advisor and Professor, Kobe University, Japan
Won-Sang Seo (Korea Polar Research Institute, Republic of Korea)
Malgorzata Smieszek (Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, Finland)
Florian Stammler (Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, Finland)
Aki Tonami (Tsukuba University, Japan)
Jian Yang (Shanghai Institutes for International Studies, People’s Republic of China)
The sessions are (for details of each session, please see here ):
Session 1: Asian States/Actors in the Arctic Legal Order-making
Session 2: Arctic Shipping Governance
Session 3: Central Arctic Ocean Fisheries
Session 4: Policy-Relevant-Science in the Context of the Arctic
Session 5: Role of Observers in the Arctic Council
Session 6: Non-Arctic Influence on Arctic Customary Laws and Institutions
The PCRC welcomes papers from those who wish to attend the symposium as a discussant. The Centre may decide to provide financial support for international travel and accommodation to a few early career researchers from those who have submitted papers. We also welcome regular participants to the symposium with expertise on the issues to be discussed . For participation/discussant request, after reading Request for Participation/Call for Papers carefully, please fill out the application form and send it to <kobe_arctic_research2[at]diamond.kobe-u.ac.jp> no later than September 18, 2017.
June 19, 2017 Leilei Zou Joined the PCRC
On June 19, 2017, Leilei Zou, associate professor of Shanghai Ocean Universiy, joined the Polar Cooperation Research Centre. She will stay at the Centre as a JSPS post-doctoral fellow (standard) until June 2019. For her profile, see Who Runs the Centre.
June 8-13, 2017 PCRC members attended ICASS IX
On June 8-13, 2017, Directer Shibata and assistant professor Inagaki attended the ICASS IX held at Umeå, Sweden. At the conferecne, Inagaki made a presentation entitled "Legitimacy of the Arctic Council as a treaty-making forum." In this presentation, he examined the negotiation process of the Agreement on Enhancing International Arctic Scientific Cooperation within the Scientific Cooperation Task Force of the Arctic Council.
April 18, 2017 PCRC’s 2017 Overview
Following Dr. Nikolas SELLHEIM, from mid June, Dr. Leilei ZOU, associate professor of Shanghai Ocean University, will join the PCRC as a JSPS post-doctoral research fellow (standard). From October, Ms. Marzia Scopelliti, Ph.D. candidate of Complutense University of Madrid, will start working for the Centre as a short-term research fellow.
In 2017, the PCRC plans to hold one international workshop in July and one international symposium in December. The workshop in July will examine the Arctic Council under US chairmanship and its prospects under Finnish chairmanship. The symposium in Decemeber will focus on the role of non-Arctic states in the Arctic legal order-making.
Furthermore, the memebers of the PCRC will attend important international conferences on circumpolar issues including ICASS IX (Umeå, Sweden in June), HASSEG Conference (Hobart, Australia in July) and 10th Polar Law Symposium (Rovaniemi, Finland in November).
March 30, 2017 A New Publication
A new article "An Agreement on Enhancing International Arctic Scientific Cooperation: Only for the Eight Arctic States and Their Scientists?" co-authered by Director Shibata and Maiko Raita, a PhD candidate of GSICS Kobe University, has been published in Yearbook of the Polar Law Vol. 8 (2016), pp. 129-162. Focusing on the Agreement on Enhancing International Arctic Scientific Cooperation, the third legally binding agreement negotiated under the auspices of the Arctic Council, this article examines its possible effect on the non-Arctic states and their scientists. This paper was developed based on the presentation made by Kobe International Law Team in the Polar Law Symposium in 2015.
March 13, 2017
New PCRC working papers are now available! Please see PCRC Working Paper Series.
●Working Paper No.6 Alexander Sergunin “Russian Approaches to an Emerging Arctic Ocean Legal Order”
●Working Paper No.8: Ambassador Kazuko Shiraishi “Japan’s Arctic Policy and Its Challenges”
●Working Paper No.9: Betsy Baker “Large Marine Ecosystems and a Neighborhood Approach to Ecosystem-Based-Management in the Arctic”
March 2, 2017
On February 28, Dr. Nikolas Sellheim joined Polar Cooperation Research Centre! He will stay in Kobe as a JSPS post-doctoral fellow (short-term) until the end of February 2018. For his profile, please see Who runs the centre.
December 22, 2016
New PCRC working papers are now available! Please see PCRC Working Paper Series.
●Working Paper No.4: Kamrul Hossain "Indigenous Peoples and Norm Making in the Arctic Ocean Legal Order"
●Working Paper No.5: Viatcheslav V. Gavrilov "Future Legal Development in the Arctic: Prerequisites and Prospects"
November 24, 2016
Director Shibata is on mission to Antarctica from November 2016 to March 2017, accompanying the 58th Japanese Antarctic Research Expedition, executing his research project entitled “Antarctic Treaty System on the Ground: Interface between Science and Law”. Director Shibata will be onboard the icebreaker “Shirase” and visiting Syowa Station, Yukidori Valley ASPA, and other offsite geological and biological survey areas using CH-120 helicopters. During his absence, Acting Director Osamu Inagaki will be heading the PCRC.
November 8, 2016
On November 15 (Tue), 2016, PCRC will hold an international seminar, inviting Ms. Malgorzata Smieszek, researcher of the Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, Finland. For details, please see the flyer for the seminar.
November 1, 2016
On October 5-9,2016 Director Shibata and Sakiko Hataya, M1 student of GSICS attended 9th Polar Law Symposium and Arctic Circle 2016 Assembly held in Iceland. For details, please see related research activities .
September 26, 2016
On October 5-9,2016 Director Shibata, Research Fellow Lindsay Arthur Tamm and Sakiko Hataya, M1 student of GSICS will attend 9th Polar Law Symposium held in Akureyri and Reykjavik, Iceland. Lindsay and Sakiko will make a presentation as Kobe University team entitled "The Role of Law in Japan's Arctic Policy." Director Shibata and Sakiko will also attend the International Conference on the Arctic Council held at Univerisiy of Southern Denmark on October 11-12, 2016.
August 31, 2016
On August 21-27, 2016 Director Shibata, Research Fellow Lindsay Tamm and Sakiko Hataya, M1 student of international law program attended SCAR Open Science Conference (OSC) held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. For details, please see Related Research Activities.
August 8, 2016
The series of papers from PCRC's kick-off symposium "Emerging Arctic Legal Orders" have been published in Journal of International Cooperation Studies, vol.24 No.1 (July, 2016) in Japanese. These articles are available here .
August 8, 2016
PCRC's 2nd international symposium "The Future Design of Arctic Ocean Legal Order " has been successfully completed. The distinguished speakers and discussants including Japanese Arctic ambassador Kazuko Shiraishi with more than 30 participants discussed various legal issues concening future Arctic Ocean legal order-making. The summary of the symposium will be soon available at PCRC's events.
July 13, 2016
On July 13, 2016, the PCRC convened an international seminar by Professor Alexander Sergunin entitled "Arctic Cooperation: Challenges and Opportunities ." For details of the seminar, please see PCRC's events.
July 4, 2016
Announcement of the PCRC International Seminar. On July 13 (Wednesday), 2016 at 4 p.m. the PCRC will convene Professor Alexander Sergunin's seminar entitled "Arctic Cooperation: Challenges and Opportunities." This seminar will be conducted in English and is open to the public. For the details, please see the flyer for the seminar .
July 4, 2016
On July 6-8, 2016, Director Shibata will attend the 9th meeting of the Scientific Cooperation Task Force (SCTF) to be held in Ottawa, Canada as a Japanese delegation.
July 4, 2016
On July 1, 2016, Professor Tore Henriksen, Professor of UiT Arctic University Norway, Professor Alexander Sergunin, Professor of St. Petersburg State University and Research Fellow Lindsay Arthur Tamm, University of Akureyri joined the Polar Cooperation Research Centre! For their profiles, see Who Runs the Centre.
June 9, 2016
The PCRC will convene its 2nd international symposium entitled "The Future Design of the Arctic Ocean Legal Order" on 28-29 July at Kobe University, Japan, inviting distinguished Arctic scholars and practitioners including Kazuko Shiraishi, Ambassador in Charge of Arctic affairs, MoFA Japan. The symposium will focus on the legal analysis of the future Arctic Ocean governance. For the details, please see the draft program (English, Japanese).
June 9, 2016
On June 2-3, 2016, Director Shibata attended Japan-Norway Arctic Science & Innovation Week 2016 held in Tokyo and made a keynote speech entitled “Legal Framework for Arctic Scientific Cooperation: Bilateralism,‘AC-ism’ or Universalism?” in the horizontal session on policy/legal issues (Photo left and middle). Director Shibata also had a meeting with Dr.Bjørn Haugstad, Deputy Minister, The Norwegian Ministry of Education and Research during the conference (Photo right).
May 22, 2016
On May 20, 2016, PCRC has invited Dr. Zia Madani , Assistant Professor of Iranian National Institute for Oceanology & Atmosphere Science, and held an international seminar entitled "The 34-Year-Old Law of the Sea Convention & Non-member States:Case Study of the Persian Gulf Region." In the presentation, Dr. Madani explained how the Islamic Republic of Iran, a non-party state to the UNCLOS, sees the provisions of the UNCLOS and how it domestically implements the law of the sea, especially forcusing on the passage issue of strait of Hormuz. After the presentation, the participants were actively engaged in discussions with Dr. Madani.
May 13, 2016
An announcement of the international seminar organized by PCRC. On May 20th, 2016, from 3:30 p.m., Dr. Zia Madani , Assistant Professor of Iranian National Institute for Oceanology & Atmosphere Science, will speak on the topic "The 34-Year-Old Law of the Sea Convention & Non-member States:Case Study of the Persian Gulf Region." This seminar will be conducted in English. For the details, please see the flyer for the seminar.
April 25, 2016
On June 2-3, 2016, Director Shibata will attend Japan-Norway Arctic Science & Innovation Week 2016 and will make a keynote speech provisionally entitled “Legal Framework for Arctic Scientific Cooperation: Bilateralism,‘AC-ism’ or Universalism?” in the horizontal session on policy/legal issues .
April 8, 2016
On March 30-31, research fellow Inagaki attentded the roundtable on the Central Arctic Ocean (CAO) issues hosted by Korean Polar Research Institute (KOPRI) in which participants discussed various issues concerning future fisheries in the CAO including how to co-ordinate scientific research on the ecosystems and living resources in the Ocean area. In the roundtable, research fellow Inagaki made a presentation entitled "Non-Arctic Coastal States' Participation in the Emerging Fisheries Regime in the CAO: An International Law Perspective".
April 8, 2016
On March 3-4, 2016, Director Shibata attended the 8th meeting of the Scientific Cooperation Task Force (SCTF) of the Arctic Council held in Washington DC, USA (photo left). On March 9-19, 2016, Director Shibata and Research Fellow Inagaki participated in the Arctic Science Summit Week (ASSW) 2016 including the Model Arctic Council (MAC) in Fairbanks, Alaska USA (photo middle: Director Shibata with graduate students of Akureyri University, Iceland). Director Shibata also attended the meeting of the IASC Social Human Working Group held during the ASSW (photo right).
January 30, 2016
The Centre’s kick-off symposium is successfully concluded. Ambassador Halinen (Finland), Professor VanderZwaag (Canada), Professor Johnstone (Iceland), Professor Nishimoto (Tohoku University), Professor Hirawake (Hokkaido University), and Director Shibata (PCRC), with more than 25 participants from all over Japan, discussed the current and future legal and policy issues facing the Arctic Council, Arctic environment, Arctic ocean, Arctic science, and Arctic shipping. Symposium’s dedicated homepage is now available, with useful links to relevant Arctic law material. The papers from the symposium in their original English version will soon be available as PCRC Working Paper Series and their Japanese translated versions in GSICS’s Journal of International Cooperation Studies (日本語、English).
December 10, 2015
The updated program of the Centre’s kick-off symposium: “Emerging Arctic Legal Orders in Science, Environment, and the Ocean” is now available. On 9 December, the Centre has sent to all registered participants via e-mail relevant information. There are a few seats still available, and the Centre welcomes commentators at panel discussions. Please send your request to the Centre ASAP.
December 1, 2015
Director Shibata’s article: “Japan and100 Years of Antarctic Legal Order: Any Lessons for the Arctic?” is now published in Volume 7 of Yearbook of Polar Law (2015), pp.3-54. This paper sets the fundamental themes and approach of Centre’s research into the Arctic Legal Order-making. For those interested in reading this article, please contact the Centre.
Contents: 1. Introduction 2. The Principle of Territoriality 2.1 Historical Developments 2.2 Extended Continental Shelf Claims 2.3 Whaling in the Antarctic 2.4 Antarctic Territoriality 2.5 Arctic Territoriality - The Case of Svalbard 3. The Foundational Principles of Process Legitimacy 3.1 International Public Values as Driving Force for Cooperation 3.2 Science-Based Approach 3.3 Consensus among the Interested Parties 4. Flexibilities in Regime Operation 4.1 Norm-Development 4.2 Institution-Building 4.3 interrelationship with Outer-Worlds 5. Conclusion
November 12, 2015
PCRC will convene, on 18-19 December, Centre’s kick-off international symposium entitled , with main speakers from Finland, Canada, Iceland, and Japan. See the provisional program.
November 10, 2015
PCRC has become a partner organization of Arctic Law Thematic Network under the University of Arctic. This is a result of Director Shibata’s visit to the Arctic Centre, University of Lapland in October 2015. Photo: after a seminar with Centre’s Director, Prof. Koivurova (2nd from left) and his Arctic law team.
October 31, 2015
Director Shibata attended the 3rd Arctic Circle Assembly in Reykjavik, Iceland, and visited and discussed possible research collaboration at Polar Law Institute, University of Akureyri , Iceland and Jebsen Centre for the Law of the Sea, the Arctic University of Norway in October 2015.
October 28, 2015
Director Shibata visited the Secretariat of the Arctic Council (AC) in Tromsø, Norway, and requested information sharing on AC activities. Photo: with Director of the AC Secretariat, Mr. Magnus Johannesson.
October 1, 2015
Polar Cooperation Research Centre (PCRC) is established to implement the Japanese government funded Arctic Challenge for Sustainability (ArCS) project.
Professor Akiho Shibata , as its Director, leads the Centre’s research activities, with Osamu Inagaki as research fellow.