Arctic Challenge for Sustainability Ⅱ

ArCS II Research Program on

International Law

Arctic Challenge
for Sustainability ll

Designing Resilient International Legal Regimes for a Sustainable Arctic and the Contribution of Japan

This research program aims to create a blueprint for resilient international regimes to support the sustainability of the transforming Arctic region, based on evidence-based research on international law and policy related to the Arctic. Maintaining and strengthening the rule of law in the Arctic region is a pillar of Japan’s Arctic policy. Director Shibata is leading a team of about 15 Japanese lawyers to implement this research program with annual budget of about 20,000,000JPY for five years until March 2025.

This page is the list of research results from the project members as well as its collaborators*, in a chronological order.

July 2022
Research Paper

Paul Arthur Berkman, Osamu Inagaki, Zia Madani, Akiho Shibata et al., 2022. Enhancing International Scientific Cooperation:Arctic Science and Technology Advice with Ministries. Science Diplomacy Action Synthesis No.6. ISSN 2573‐976X / DOI:10.47555/162022

July 2022
Peer-Reviewed Paper

Romain Chuffart*, Andreas Raspotnik, Luiza Brodt and Peter Convey, 2022. Dealing with insecurities and geopolitics: Science diplomacy at the poles. Antarctic Science, Vol.34, No.3, 205-207. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S095410202200027X

June 2022
Book Chapter

Alexander Sergunin*, 2022. Russia and the Arctic Council: Toward a New Cooperative Agenda? in Marina Lebedeva, Vladimir Morozov, Eds. Turning Points of World Transformation, New Trends, Challenges and Actors, Springer, 117-138. ISBN: 978-981-19-1758-5. DOI: 10.1007/978-981-19-1758-5_8

May 2022
Book

Nafisa Yeasmin, Satu Uusiautti, Timo Koivurova*, Timothy Heleniak (Eds.), 2022. The Future of the Arctic Human Population: Migration in the North. Routledge. ISBN 9781032026749.

April 2022
Book

Gudmundur Alfredsson*, Julia Jabour, Timo Koivurova*, and Akiho Shibata Eds, 2022. The Yearbook of Polar Law Vol. 13, Brill. ISBN: 978-90-04-50945-0.

April 2022
Correspondence

Paul Arthur Berkman, Jenny Baeseman, Akiho Shibata, 2022. Arctic science diplomacy maintains Russia co-operation. Nature, Vol. 604 (28 April 2022). https://doi.org/10.1038/d41586-022-01105-3

April 2022
Peer-Reviewed Paper

Kentaro Nishimoto, 2022. The impact of the BBNJ Agreement on the legal framework for the governance of the central arctic ocean. The Yearbook of Polar Law, Vol. 13, 275-298. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1163/22116427_013010014

April 2022
Peer-Reviewed Paper

Yuko Osakada, 2022. From Victims to Contributors: A Human Rights Approach to Climate Change for Indigenous Peoples of the Arctic. The Yearbook of Polar Law, Vol. 13, 16-38. https://doi.org/10.1163/22116427_013010003

April 2022
Peer-Reviewed Paper

Makoto Seta, 2022. Incorporating Traditional Ecological Knowledge into Science under the Law of the Sea via the Arctic Ocean Governance. The Yearbook of Polar Law, Vol. 13, 321-340. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1163/22116427_013010016

April 2022
Peer-Reviewed Paper

Alexander Sergunin*, 2022. Between Economic Nationalism and Globalism: Evaluating Russia’s Recent Regulations on Arctic Shipping. The Yearbook of Polar Law, Vol. 13, 252-274. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1163/22116427_013010013

April 2022
Briefing Paper

Jen Evans and Akiho Shibata, 2022. Ocean Acidification in the Arctic – Scientific and Governance Responses. ArCS II International Law Briefing Paper Series, No.7(E), ArCS II/Int’l Law/BPS/07/E/FS (2022/4), 1-9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.24546/81013178

March 2022
Peer-Reviewed Paper

Chie Kojima, 2022. Chapter 12, Marine Scientific Research and Informal Lawmaking, in: Unconventional Lawmaking in the Law of the Sea (Natalie Klein ed., Oxford University Press, 2022), 233-249.

March 2022
Research Paper

瀬田真, 2022. EU・ASEAN・UNEP地域海プログラムにおける海洋ごみ対策―地域的アクターによる規範形成. 環境管理2022年3号, 24-27.

March 2022
Briefing Paper

Kentaro Nishimoto, 2022. Environmental regulation of Arctic shipping: Recent developments. ArCS II International Law Briefing Paper Series, No.6 (E), ArCS II/Int’l Law/BPS/06/E/FS (2022/3), 1-9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.24546/81013178

February 2022
Briefing Paper

林秀鳳, 2022. 台湾の最近の北極への関心 台湾海洋委員会機関誌『国際海洋情報』を中心に.  ArCS II国際法制度課題ブリーフィングペーパー・シリーズ, 第5号J, ArCS II/Int’l Law/BPS/05/J/FS (2022/2), 1-7. DOI: https://doi.org/10.24546/81013060

January 2022
Briefing Paper

メディ・デルヴォヴィッチ, 柴田明穂, 2022. 日本・中国・韓国の北極政策の比較.  ArCS II国際法制度課題ブリーフィングペーパー・シリーズ, 第4号J, ArCS II/Int’l Law/BPS/04/J/FS (2022/1), 1-9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.24546/81013053

January 2022
Presentation

Yuko Osakada, January 20, 2022. An Argument for Relying on Article 27 of the ICCPR in the Ainu Fishery Lawsuit: Lessons from the Sámi Parliament case in the HRC. 1st Japan-Finland Seminar on the Arctic and East Asia, Online.

January 2022
Presentation

小島千枝, 2022年1月10日. 海面上昇がもたらす海洋法の発展と課題ー太平洋島嶼国の実行を中心に.中央大学国際関係法研究会, オンライン.

December 2021
Peer-Reviewed Paper

西本健太郎, 2021. 北極海域における船舶による重質燃料油(HFO)の使用・運搬規制―海運の国際的規律と北極域の国際秩序との交錯―. 海事交通研究, 70, 7-18.

November 2021
Peer-Reviewed Paper

西本健太郎, 2021. 海洋法秩序の発展と科学的知見. 国際法外交雑誌, 120(3), 23-48.

November 2021
Presentation

Hitomi Kimura, November 22, 2021. Polar Law and Governance for the Blue Earth: Messages from Climate COP26. The 14th Polar Law Symposium, Kobe, Japan.

November 2021
Presentation

Joji Morishita, November 22, 2021. The Central Arctic Ocean (CAO) Fisheries Agreement: its Challenges and Roles in the Polar Ocean Governance. The 14th Polar Law Symposium, Kobe, Japan.

November 2021
Presentation

Rachael Johnstone*, November 22, 2021. Truth and Reconciliation in the Nordic Countries. The 14th Polar Law Symposium, Online.

November 2021
Presentation

Fumiya Nagai*, November 22, 2021. Ainu People's Global Rights Movement: Context of Japan and Comparison with the Arctic. The 14th Polar Law Symposium, Kobe, Japan.

November 2021
Presentation

Kanako Uzawa*, November 22, 2021. The Nibutani Dam Case (1997) in Hokkaido, and its continuous effect on the Ainu sustainable livelihood; Stories of modern Ainu rights movement. The 14th Polar Law Symposium, Online.

November 2021
Presentation

Gudmundur Alfredsson*, November 22, 2021. Country visits: Ainu and the Arctic. The 14th Polar Law Symposium, Online.

November 2021
Presentation

Akiko Okamatsu, November 22, 2021. International Legal Framework for the Protection of Seabirds from the Arctic Plastic Pollution. The 14th Polar Law Symposium, Kobe, Japan.

November 2021
Presentation

Akiho Shibata, November 22, 2021. Comments: Complementarity of ASM, Arctic Science Agreement and bilateral science and technology cooperation agreements. The 14th Polar Law Symposium, Kobe, Japan.

November 2021
Presentation

Alexander Sergunin*, November 22, 2021. Implementing the 2017 Arctic Science Cooperation Agreement: Challenges and Opportunities as regards Russia and Japan. 14th Polar Law Symposium, Online.

November 2021
Presentation

Yota Negishi, November 22, 2021. Jus Pro Homine, Animalis et Natura: Dignifying the Right to Life of Arctic Indigenous Peoples. The 14th Polar Law Symposium, Kobe, Japan.

November 2021
Presentation

Kentaro Nishimoto, November 22, 2021. The Rights and Obligations of States in Responding to Pandemics on Cruise Ships: Implications for the Arctic Region. The 14th Polar Law Symposium, Kobe, Japan.

November 2021
Presentation

Hitomi Kimura, November 22, 2021. Role of International Environmental Law to Protect the Indigenous People in Polar Regions from Climate-Induced Infectious Diseases. The 14th Polar Law Symposium, Kobe, Japan.

November 2021
Presentation

Chie Kojima, November 22, 2021. Underwater Noise Pollution in the Arctic: Developing International Regulatory Framework through the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. The 14th Polar Law Symposium, Kobe, Japan.

November 2021
Presentation

Makoto Seta, November 21, 2021. Influence of the New Treaty on Plastic Pollution for the Arctic: From the Perspective of International Law. The 14th Polar Law Symposium, Kobe, Japan.

November 2021
Presentation

Osamu Inagaki, November 21, 2021. The Development of the Ecosystem Approach by the Arctic Council: An Assessment. The 14th Polar Law Symposium, Kobe, Japan.

November 2021
Poster Presentation

Mami Furuhata, November 21-23, 2021. Joint Financing Agreements Contribute to the Safety and Efficiency of Air Transport flying Across the North Atlantic and Arctic Region. The 14th Polar Law Symposium, Online.

October 2021
Presentation

木村ひとみ, 2021年11月1日. 気候変動による感染症など北極圏先住民の健康問題における国際環境法の役割. 北極圏に暮らす人々と気候変動第2回ミーティング, オンライン.

October 2021
Presentation

瀬田真, 2021年10月25日. 国連環境総会におけるプラスチック条約の展望. 北極プラスチック問題第2回勉強会, オンライン.

September 2021
Presentation

岡松暁子, 2021年9月24日. 海鳥とプラスチック汚染:2021年CAFF報告書からの科学的及び法的示唆. 北極プラスチック問題第1回勉強会, オンライン.

September 2021
Commentary

小坂田裕子, 2021. 先住少数民族の権利-二風谷ダム事件. 国際法判例百選(第3版)有斐閣, 106-107.

August 2021
Peer-Reviewed Paper

小島千枝, 2021. 国連海洋法条約は気候変動問題に適用できるのか : 海洋環境の保護・保全義務を中心に. 白門73(848). 35–39.

August 2021
Peer-Reviewed Paper

Akiho Shibata, 2021. Chapter 22 Good Faith. The Oxford Handbook of International Environmental Law Second Edition Edited by Lavanya Rajamani and Jacqueline Peel, Oxford University Press, 368-382. ISBN: 9780198849155. https://doi.org/10.1093/law/9780198849155.003.0022

July 2021
Seminar Report

古畑真美, 2021. ArCS II国際法制度課題 第2回研究会「北極科学協力協定の意義再考:第2回実施会合に参加して」開催報告. 神戸大学PCRCウェブサイト.

June 2021
Book Review

Romain Chuffart*, Book Review: Research Handbook on Polar Law. Edited by Karen N Scott and David L VanderZwaag. 2020. Cheltenham and Northampton: Edward Elgar. 512 p, hardback. ISBN 9781788119580. GBP 200. Polar Record, Volume 57, 2021, e25. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0032247421000267

June 2021
Presentation

Romain Chuffart*, June 30, 2021. Highlights of the International Law Research Program 2020-21. ArCS II the 2nd plenary meeting, Online.

June 2021
Presentation

稲垣治, 2021年6月26日. 国際法における生態系概念の浸透とその影響:生態系アプローチ概念をてがかりに. 京都国際法研究会, オンライン.

June 2021
Presentation

柴田明穂, 2021年6月25日. 北極科学協力協定の意義再考:第2回実施会合に参加して. 第2回ArCS II国際法制度課題研究会, オンライン.

June 2021
Peer-Reviewed Paper

Alexander Sergunin*, Thinking about Russian Arctic council chairmanship: Challenges and opportunities, 2021. Polar Science, 100694. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polar.2021.100694

May 2021
Conference Report

柴田明穂, 2021. 北極に関する国際科学協力を促進するための協定の実施に関する第2回会合報告. ArCSⅡ公式ウェブサイト.

May 2021
Conference Report

Akiho Shibata, 2021. Report on IASC-SHWG at ASSW 2021. ArCSⅡ Official Web Site.

AY 2020 (April 2020〜March 2021)
March 2021
Presentation

Rachael Lorna Johnstone*, Akiho Shibata, March 30, 2021. Polar Law. Iceland-Japan Joint Seminar on Arctic Research, Online.

March 2021
Presentation

Kentaro Nishimoto, March 26, 2021. The BBNJ agreement and the implementation of ecosystem-based management in the Central Arctic Ocean. Arctic Science Summit Week 2021, Online.

March 2021
Poster Presentation

Kie Abe, Akiho Shibata, Hiroyuki Enomoto, March 19-26, 2021. Connecting policy, law and science for better decision-making for the Arctic: Arctic Council, IPCC, Arctic Science Agreement, and ASM-3. Arctic Science Summit Week 2021, Online.

March 2021
Briefing Paper

ロマン・シュファール*, 幡谷咲子*, 稲垣治, リンジィ・アーサー, 2021. 日本の北極域関与に関する評価と今後の展望-ArCSの成果を踏まえた若手研究者からの示唆. ArCS II国際法制度課題ブリーフィングペーパー・シリーズ, 第3号J, ArCS II/Int’l Law/BPS/03/J/PB (2021/3), 1-5.

March 2021
Briefing Paper

阿部紀恵, セイタ・ロンパネン, 豊島淳子, 柴田明穂, 2021. 北極域の海洋プラスチック問題 -国際法と海洋科学の共同研究の必要性. ArCS II国際法制度課題ブリーフィングペーパー・シリーズ, 第2号J, ArCS II/Int’l Law/BPS/02/J/FS (2021/3), 1-9.

March 2021
Book

2021年3月15日. 浅田正彦, 桐山孝信, 小畑郁, 柴田明穂 他編. ベーシック条約集2021年版, 東信堂.

March 2021
Presentation

西本健太郎, 2021年3月15日. BBNJ新協定と中央北極海の生態系アプローチに基づく管理.国際法制度課題第1回研究会, オンライン.

March 2021
Presentation

岡松暁子, 2021年3月1日. 国際公法(海洋法と国際紛争の平和的解決). JICA研修, オンライン.

February 2021
Briefing Paper

Kie Abe, Seita Romppanen, Junko Toyoshima, Akiho Shibata, 2021. Arctic marine plastic problems: Potential collaborative research between international law and marine sciences. ArCS II International Law Briefing Paper Series, No.1 (E) (February 2021), Fact Sheet ArCS II/Int’l Law/BPS/01/E/FS (2021/2), 1-9.

January 2021
Presentation

Yuko Osakada, January 20, 2021. From Victims to Contributors: A Human Rights Approach to Climate Change for the Indigenous Peoples of the Arctic. The 4th seminar of the Panel on the Rights of Arctic Indigenous peoples, Online.

December 2020
Book

Gudmundur Alfredsson*, Julia Jabour, Timo Koivurova, and Akiho Shibata Eds, 2020. The Yearbook of Polar Law Volume:12, Brill. 978-90-04-43637-4.

December 2020
Peer-Reviewed Paper

Romain Chuffart*, Sakiko Hataya*, Osamu Inagaki, and Lindsay Arthur, 2020. Assessing Japan’s Arctic Engagement during the ArCS Project (2015–2020). The Yearbook of Polar Law Online, Vol.12, Issue 1. 328–348.

December 2020
Peer-Reviewed Paper

Akiho Shibata and Romain Chuffart*, 2020. Sustainability as an integrative principle: The role of international law in Arctic resource development. Polar Record, Vol.56, 1-9.

December 2020
Conference Report

Mami Furuhata, 2020. Conference Report of the 13th Polar Law Symposium Special Online Session. Current Developments in Arctic Law, Vol.8, 60-64.

December 2020
Presentation

Tanja Joona*, December 9, 2020. Arctic Justice: Introduction to JUSTNORTH. The 3rd seminar of the Panel on the Rights of Arctic Indigenous peoples, The 13th Polar Law Symposium, Online.

November 2020
Presentation

Makoto Seta, November 23, 2020. Harmonization or Collision: The Relationship between Science and Experience in the Arctic Ocean. Seminar on the Legal Framework for Arctic Ocean Governance, The 13th Polar Law Symposium, Online.

November 2020
Presentation

Alexander Sergunin*, November 16, 2020. The Politics of Russian Arctic Shipping: The interplay of security/geopolitical and legal factors. Seminar on the Regulation of the Northern Sea Route, The 13th Polar Law Symposium, Online.

November 2020
Presentation

Yurika Ishii, November 16, 2020. Comments on the Regulation of the Northern Sea Route. Seminar on the Regulation of the Northern Sea Route, The 13th Polar Law Symposium, Online.

November 2020
Presentation

Rachael Lorna Johnstone*, November 9-30. Colonisation and Decolonisation at the Poles. The 13th Polar Law Symposium, Online.

November 2020
Presentation

Tomohiko Kobayashi. November 13, 2020. Role of International Trade and Investment Rules to Promote Operation of Unmanned Surface Vessels in the Arctic Ocean. Seminar on Arctic Sciences and International Law, The 13th Polar Law Symposium, Online.

November 2020
Presentation

Han Liu, Akiho Shibata, KyongSa Ri, November 12, 2020. Arctic Science Cooperation Agreement: Implications for Asian countries and their scientists. Seminar on Arctic Science Cooperation Agreement, The 13th Polar Law Symposium, Online.

November 2020
Presentation

Kanako Uzawa*, November 4, 2020. People of the North: Ainu in Japan and Sami in Norway. The 2nd of the Panel on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples in the Arctic, Online.

October 2020
Column

岡松暁子, 2020. 南極と北極をめぐる環境問題. ケースブック国際環境法, 東信堂, 137-138.

September 2020
Peer-reviewed Paper

Yuko Osakada, 2021. An examination of arguments over the Ainu Policy Promotion Act of Japan based on the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. International Journal of Human Rights, Vol. 25 No. 6, 1053-1069.

September 2020
Peer-reviewed Paper

Alexander Sergunin*, 2021. The Politics of Russian Arctic shipping: evolving security and geopolitical factors. Polar Journal, Vol.10, 251-272.

September 2020
Presentation

Alexander Sergunin*, September 17, 2020. The Future of the Arctic Council: the Russian perspective. Seminar on the Future of the Arctic Council, Online.

August 2020
Presentation

柴田明穂, 西本健太郎, 2020年8月3日. 北極海航路を取り巻く国際法. 第10回北極海航路に係る産学官連携協議会, 東京. (招待)

June 2020
Peer-reviewed Paper

Oleg Anisimov, Robert Orttung, Kelsey Nyland, and Alexander Sergunin*, 2020. Cold War Legacy of Science Cooperation Offers Hope Today. Russian Analytical Digest, No. 253, 9-11.